Lawyers and family members of people who have been wrongly convicted of a crime are increasingly using the courts as a safe haven, according to a new study.
The study found that more than 40% of wrongful convictions in the U.S. involve people whose lawyers have left the state in the last year, and more than half of those who are found not guilty of the crime are friends or family members.
The new study, released Monday, looked at more than 7,000 wrongful convictions from 2002 to 2015.
The research found that people who are exonerated by DNA testing, or the result of an independent review, have lower levels of incarceration than the general population.
The authors of the study, led by University of Georgia professor David C. Smith, also noted that people with low levels of conviction, who do not have prior convictions, are less likely to seek legal help.
They are also more likely to report being victimized by family members or friends in court or to avoid going to court at all, according the study.
In some cases, victims of these crimes are afraid of their own legal counsel, the authors wrote.
The report, released by the Center for Constitutional Rights, looked only at wrongful convictions and did not analyze whether people with lower levels or no convictions were more likely than others to seek help from the courts.
The Center for Human Rights in the USA said the findings showed that there is a “chilling effect” on the criminal justice system.
“The findings suggest that the criminal process can be the most important part of a person’s legal protection, and that if an innocent person is arrested and imprisoned, they can have no recourse at all,” the center said in a statement.
“In many cases, the lack of criminal conviction is not an act of negligence or willful neglect; it is the result, on the part of the state, of systemic bias.”
The study was based on a statistical analysis of data from the FBI’s National Criminal Justice Information Center, which tracks convictions from all 50 states.
The FBI provides statistical information to state attorneys general and state and local officials, but has not publicly released that information.
It has long been known that the number of wrongful deaths in the United States rose sharply during the 1980s and 1990s, which coincided with a surge in the number and types of DNA tests performed.
But Smith said that in the new study the authors did not use DNA testing to identify the cause of death, which has often been the focus of lawsuits against the government.
“DNA testing has a lot of applications, but in this case, it didn’t provide any information on the cause,” Smith said.
“It was just based on the fact that the defendant had a high conviction and therefore the state would have a strong interest in having the DNA tested.”
The new report was published online by the National Bureau of Economic Research and was based partly on a report by a University of Virginia law professor, Richard Posner, which examined the issue of wrongful death in the 1970s.
The researchers used the data from his report and an analysis of the National Death Index to calculate that the average conviction rate for people with no prior criminal convictions was 0.7%, or about 2,700 wrongful deaths per year.
In other words, the rate of wrongful conviction was about 0.07% of all murders, the researchers wrote.
Posner was one of the authors of that report, which was published in 1995.
The data on the death index is based on deaths recorded in the year the death occurred.
For every person with a criminal conviction, the National Center for Death Index records the date and cause of the death, including the year of death and the year in which the death was recorded.
In the new report, the research team looked at a different set of data: the death rate for the year, when people with criminal convictions were arrested, convicted, and released.
They found that the death rates were about 0,062 per 100,000, which means about 1.5 per 100 million people.
They also looked at whether people who were exonerated were more than 5% less likely than those who were not to have been exonerated.
The group of people with felony convictions had a death rate of 1,080 per 100.000, compared with about 1,000 per 100 thousand for people who had been exonerates.
The difference between exonerated and non-exonerated people was statistically significant, with a significance level of p < 0.001, Smith said in an interview with The Associated Press.
The overall death rate increased by more than 10% for people whose cases were not resolved.
The increase was driven in part by a drop in cases of murder and other violent crimes, but also by a rise in non-fatal sexual assault and sexual abuse cases.
In total, the death risk for people exonerated was about 4% higher than for those who did not have criminal convictions.
The change in the death ratio over time was small