CINCINNATI — A new study finds that having an abortion is associated with a slight increase in one of the most common diseases in the U.S.
A report released Tuesday by the American Civil Liberties Union finds that while there are more women obtaining abortions than ever before, the number of abortions performed in the United States is on track to fall to its lowest level in nearly two decades.
The study, “Abortion, Discrimination, and Health: The Role of Abortion Restrictions,” shows that women of all ages and races are more likely than men to be denied an abortion by their employers, who are often reluctant to fire employees for having an ectopic pregnancy.
The report is a culmination of years of research that shows the stigma that exists for women who choose to have an abortion.
But the ACLU report is especially important because of the rise of abortion rights in states like Ohio, Pennsylvania and Florida, which have banned abortions for most women.
Women who have an ectopy, a rare condition that causes the fetus to survive outside the uterus but not complete, are more than twice as likely to get pregnant than women with normal uteruses.
That’s especially true in women of color, according to the ACLU study.
About a quarter of the states in the report have banned abortion for all women, while another third have banned it for those with severe or fatal ectopic pregnancies.
States that restrict abortion for those who have severe ectopic fetuses are also more likely to have lower abortion rates.
For the study, researchers from the University of Cincinnati and Ohio State University analyzed the records of more than 1.6 million employees who worked at four companies in Ohio, Illinois and Indiana between 2007 and 2017.
Their data included information on how many abortions were performed and how often, and how much, they were reimbursed for those abortions.
They found that employees in states with restrictive abortion laws were three times more likely (7 percent) to get denied an employment benefit, including a raise or vacation pay, compared to employees who didn’t have abortion restrictions.
States with restrictions on abortions also had significantly higher rates of medical errors.
In the study’s most recent data, more than 4 percent of workers had some form of medical error, including having an elective procedure performed without a medical provider present, not being accompanied by a doctor, and not wearing a mask while performing an abortion procedure.
The researchers concluded that restrictive abortion restrictions make it easier for employers to deny jobs and lower the quality of care they provide.
“These are things employers don’t want to think about, but are very important for the health and safety of the workers they hire,” said Stephanie Schmid, the ACLU’s director of government affairs.
The American Civil Rights Union’s Reproductive Rights Project said it is particularly important for businesses to consider how their policies affect their employees.
“We think the public should be able to make informed decisions about how to support workers’ health and wellbeing, but employers can’t do it without consulting with their workers,” said Marcy Kaptur, a senior staff attorney with the ACLU Reproductive Justice Project.
The organizations report found that women who were denied an education-related pay raise, for example, were twice as much likely to receive a disability disability benefit, a state-specific insurance program that helps disabled workers.
The number of states with abortion restrictions rose from 5 in 2007 to 11 in 2016.
While the study found that the number is declining, it’s still well above the number it was in 2015.